Employees' work schedules vary from full time to part time to job shares. All work schedules have one thing in common; the employee is doing work required by an employer. Today's employers understand that flexibility is what employees require in their work schedules. If they don't, employers should beware. You'll lose your best employees to an employer who understands that flexibility in work schedules is the upcoming employees' number one most desired employment perk. Make sure your approach to employee work schedules motivates and retains your best employees.
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A flexible schedule allows an employee to work hours that differ from the normal company start and stop time. An appreciated benefit, flexible work schedules allow employees to maintain work and life balance. Different flexible work schedules suit different employees' busy lives. But, any employer flexibility in work schedules helps you motivate and retain your best employees.
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Telecommuting or working from home is a flexible work arrangement that enables an employee, a consultant, or a contractor, to work distantly from the employer's location all or part of the time. Telecommuting is also an option for bad weather days and days that require an adult present in the home for events such as furniture delivery, furnace cleaning, and mid-day doctor appointments. Some organizations allow regular telecommuting up to several days a week for most employees. Others decide who can use a telecommuting work schedule on a case by case basis.
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A job share occurs when two employees cooperatively share the same job. There are advantages, disadvantages, challenges, and opportunities when employees job share. As an employer, a job share can benefit both the employee and you. Here are the advantages and disadvantages to a job share.
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occurs in a work schedule that utilizes 24 hours a day and occasionally, 7 days a week, to keep an organization operating. Shift work
occurs whenever 24 hour coverage is necessary or when a 24 hour day optimizes work output and productivity. Many approaches to shift work exist and each shift work schedule has challenges. But, some employees like a non-day shift work schedule. Families may want to avoid child care expenses with parents working different shifts. Some employees work two jobs or run a part-time enterprise from home. Whatever the reason a shift work schedule accommodates some employee needs.
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are hired to assist employers to meet business demands yet allow the employer to avoid the cost of hiring a regular employee. Sometimes, it is the expectation of the employer that if the temporary employee is successful, the temporary employee will be hired. But a temporary work schedule is a lifestyle choice for many employees. Maybe you're an executive not quite ready to retire but you don't want an 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. commitment at the same employer everyday - so you temp. Perhaps your heart is in skiing and the ski resorts call to you every winter. In the snowless season, you work on an island or at a warm weather resort. Reasons for a temporary work schedule are often choices.
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A part time employee has traditionally worked less than a 40 hour work week. Today, though, some employers count employees as full time if they work 30, 32, or 36 hours a week. In fact, fewer required work hours is considered a non-standard benefit in some organizations. Consequently, the definition of part time employee will vary from organization to organization. But, a part time work schedule affords some employees terrific flexibility. For some employees part time is the work schedule of choice.
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The Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) does not define full time employee
or part time employee
. What is counted as a full time employee is generally defined by the employer by policy. The definition of a full time employee is often published in the employee handbook. Some people just want to be 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. full time employees - trust me - really.