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Human Resource Management Basics

Fundamental Information About the Human Resource Management Function


Need basic information about Human Resource management as a function or department within a company? What is Human Resource management and what do people who work in Human Resource management do? Learn how Human Resources is organized and the contribution Human Resource staff make in their company. Here is all the basic information you need to know about Human Resource management.

What is Human Resources?

Happy human resources (people)
Copyright Jacob Wackerhausen
The number one glossary suggestion and question that people request is: "What is the definition of human resources?" Here's my most frequent response to the question about the definition of human resources.

What Is a Human Resource?

Smiling Man Human Resource
Image Copyright Nicholas Mono
The short answer is that a human resource is a person. Here's a bit more information about human resources.

What Is Human Resource Management (HRM)?

Human Resource management works with the organization's people and processes.
Image Copyright Shelly Perry
Human Resource Management is the function within an organization that focuses on recruitment, management, and the direction of the people in the organization. Human Resources management is also performed by line managers.

What Is the Human Resource Department?

Human Resource staff make plans.
Image Copyright Catherine Yeulet
Departments are the entity organizations form to organize people, reporting relationships, and work in a way that best supports the accomplishment of the organization's goals. Departments are usually organized by functions such as human resources, marketing, administration, and sales. But, a department can be organized in any way that makes sense for the customer.

What Does a Human Resource Manager, Generalist, or Director Do?

What do Human Resource staff do?
Copyright Lise Gagne
Human resources are the people that staff and operate an organization. Learn about the people who work in Human Resources. Specifically, learn about the job description of the HR Director or Manager, the HR Generalist and the HR Assistant.

Sample Human Resource Management Job Descriptions

See Human Resource management job descriptions.
Image Copyright Curt Pickens
Sample Human Resource management job descriptions give you a basic template for developing job descriptions in your organization. Sample job descriptions also give you an idea about what other organizations expect from employees doing the featured job. See these sample Human Resource management job descriptions.

What Is Human Resource Development (HRD)?

Human Resource development is much more than classroom training like mentoring and coaching.
Getty Images / Manchan
Human Resource Development (HRD) is the framework for helping employees develop their personal and organizational skills, knowledge, and abilities. Human Resource Development includes such opportunities as employee training, employee career development, performance management and development, coaching, mentoring, succession planning, key employee identification, tuition assistance, and organization development.

Human Resources Information System (HRIS)

HR coworkers work with their Human Resource Information System (HRIS).
Copyright Michael Blann / Getty Images

The Human Resources Information System (HRIS is a software or online solution for the data entry, data tracking, and data information needs of the Human Resources function within a business.

The Human Resources Information System (HRIS) helps HR staff manage the employee information needed to manage employees (Human Resources) and operate a business.

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