The Paycheck Fairness Act, an update on 1963's Equal Pay Act, which made wage discrimination based on the sex of an employee illegal, was introduced by Senator Barbara A. Mikulski and Congresswoman Rosa DeLauro, Democrats. The law, if passed, requires employers to show that any pay disparity between employees is related to performance on the job. The law would prohibit employer retaliation for employees sharing salary information with coworkers.
According to CBSLocal - DC, "Mikulski and DeLauro said the Paycheck Fairness Act would also allow women to seek punitive damages for pay discrimination, establish a grant program to strengthen salary negotiation and other workplace skills and require the Department of Labor to enhance outreach and training efforts to eliminate pay disparities."
Opponents say that the law would hurt economic recovery and job creation, reinforce the idea of women as a victim class who need special government protection, and that the gap in pay, in which women make 77 cents to the dollar vs. men, is a result of women's life choices. US News Debate Club